WOLFGANG ENGELHARDT’S LETTER OPPOSING 2017 NOBEL PRIZE FOR LIGO

January 31, 2017


Today is the Nobel Prize 2017 nomination deadline. It is certain that powerful LIGO nominations are in – powerfully written recommendations from powerful physicists.

What do we have to counteract these nominations? Professor Wolfgang Engelhardt has renewed and updated this year his past year’s referral to the Physics Nobel Committee:


To Professor Nils Mårtensson (chairman),
nils.martensson @physics.uu.se, info @kva.se

2017-01-14
Dear Professor Mårtensson,

you are certainly aware of the Open Letter to the Nobel Committee for Physics 2016. Unfortunately, the uncertainties concerning the LIGO experiment have not been removed during the past year. On the contrary, neither an event of similar magnitude as GW150914 was detected, nor was the calibration paper arXiv:1602.03838v1 [gr-qc] 11 Feb 2016 published in a peer reviewed journal. The co-authors Prof. Bruce Allen and Prof. Karsten Danzmann do not even list this e-print among their publications in ResearchGate, although this report was cited in reference [63] of PRL 116, 061102 (2016) as an integral part of the ‘discovery’. There is no doubt, without proving experimentally LIGO’s ability to measure 10 oscillations of heavy mirrors with an amplitude of one thousandth of a proton radius within 200 milliseconds as allegedly induced by GW150914 one cannot claim any discovery.

Nevertheless, some authors of the ‘discovery paper’ PRL 116, 061102 (2016) express in the media their expectation that LIGO must be awarded a Nobel Prize in 2017. I am sure, your Committee will not comply with these unfounded and unreasonable requests until a solid experimental proof of a real discovery of the hypothetical gravitational waves has been published.

Yours sincerely,
Wolfgang Engelhardt

This is a very good step. Think about it: The Nobel Committee and their consultants may not be reading about the Internet dissidence. So, without such a referral sent directly to the Committee, they may never even know that there is anything the matter with the LIGO discovery.

Over spring and summer and going into fall, look for the LIGO gang “servicing” the Nobel nomination: Great presence and posturing in the media, accompanied perhaps by announcement of a few more confirmatory discoveries. They will also continue to build up the larger-than-life LIGO heroes. And of course the great physics commentariat will do its part in the campaign.

LIGO India is on hold!

January 29, 2017

Following the 11 February 2016 report of the discovery of gravitational wave, the LIGO India project was given approval on 17 February 2016. Since then the project has been moving with lightning speed. The Indian Ligonauts have been going great guns.

But now there are reports that the project has stalled – something to do with the site selection process. Many snags can develop with finalizing the site, and so this is not unexpected. What is unexpected is that the Government of India is being blamed for holding up LIGO India.

American physics Nobelist David Gross visited India earlier this month and berated the Indian Government thus:

“India has explored many possibilities in last decade or so. Unfortunately even in the cases where fascinating new projects have been approved or are about to be approved, the tendency here to delay funding run into legal obstacles (which) has severely damaged the potential of such projects,” said Gross at Nobel Dialogue at Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit here.

He cited the Lego India Project and added that India was losing a marvelous opportunity due to “inexcusable’’ political and legal delay. “…the opportunities are there…China is seizing upon them in all aspects of basic science and India must rise with its ambitions for the benefit of India, for the benefit of science and for the benefit of the world and I strongly encourage and support such efforts.”

If LIGO India was going gangbusters and if it had the personal patronage of the Prime Minister of India and the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, why would the Government put the project on hold?

The only conclusion that makes sense is that the Indian Government is rethinking LIGO. A very wise and responsible thing to do.

If they maintain the hold until the 2017 Nobel Prizes are announced in fall, they will have the final piece of information they need. Remember the Ligonauts are the ones who made the Nobel Prize a touchstone, the essential imprimatur that must be stamped on the discovery.

The following and other indications suggest that LIGO is up for the Nobel Prize this year:

Ich war vorher am Massachusetts Institute of Technology bei Rainer Weiss, der hoffentlich in diesem Jahr den Nobelpreis für den Nachweis von Gravitationswellen bekommen wird.

LIGO: Instrument design philosophy

January 8, 2017

To this day there has not been any questioning of the LIGO discovery from within the mainstream physics community.

Internet criticisms of LIGO science can be divided into three categories:

CATEGORY A CRITICISMS

– Questioning General Relativity;
– Questioning the existence or the properties of black holes;
– Questioning the existence or the properties of gravitational wave.

CATEGORY B CRITICISMS

– Basic instrument “philosophy”;
– The execution of that philosophy;
– The functioning of the instrument;
– The instrument environment;
– Non-gravitational wave causes of simultaneous signals at two detectors;
– Non-gravitational wave causes of upchirp (increase in frequency with time of the signal).

CATEGORY C CRITICISMS

– Questioning suspicious timings and coincidences and circumstances;
– Invoking sabotage, hacking, injecting of artificial signal etc;
– Conspiracy to report false discovery.

I have not been concerned with C, and I am not knowledgeable on A. So my own investigation concerns B.

While all criticisms have something useful to offer about one aspect or another of the LIGO science, in the end it all boils down to the fact that the instrument concept is inherently unsound at the very core, right off the bat. When this is realized, all other criticisms (including some of my own) become redundant.

So I want to rehash this point: The instrument “philosophy”. There are two clear reasons why this instrument should never have been developed.

The first one has been expressed succinctly by Professor Claes Johnson:

We see a combination of a biggest possible cause/input and a smallest possible effect/output in a certain mathematical model. The conclusion comes from using this mathematical model in inverse form, where a smallest possible signal is used to identify a biggest possible origin of the signal. This means that the mathematical model in inverse form is extremely ill-posed and as such cannot be used to draw conclusions.

What does an ill-posed mathematical problem mean in physics?

The first LIGO discovery saw the conversion of about three solar masses to gravitational wave energy. This energy was said to be near the high end of expected energy releases in the universe. The LIGO signal in this case was barely above the noise threshold.

The second event released about one solar mass and the signal was buried deep in the noise.

Recent improvement of about 25% in LIGO sensitivity was said to about all that can be done. This hardly changes anything.

So:

Infinitely large explosions in the universe cause LIGO signals that are buried below the noise threshold or barely rise above it. This is the inherent nature of LIGO: An ill-posed physics problem.

Let E be the total energy released in a black holes merger (in Joules, say).

The total energy received by the LIGO “aperture” during the passage of the wavefront – which can be calculated from the strain signal observed – is infinitely small in comparison, as the Ligonauts have explained. Let us call this e (Joules).

So, for LIGO instrument design purposes,

e/E = 0.

This is true even if it is possible to write down an actual large number for E (e.g. 10**48 Joules) and an actual small number for e. Simply writing down a numerical value (ten to the power …) for what is essentially infinity, and one for what is essentially zero (in comparison) does not make infinity and zero tractable in instrument design.

By differentiating above equation:

Δe/ΔE = e/E = 0;

ΔE/Δe = E/e = ∞

Thus a measurement uncertainty Δe cannot be related to an uncertainty ΔE in the source.

So this is the imagery to carry in your mind: The sources release energies covering the whole expected range, but the needle of the LIGO meter remains stuck near the left in a grey-shaded band representing noise.

Conclusion: LIGO is not a proper scientific instrument.

The Ligonauts have tried deliberately to detract attention from the fact that they are dealing with infinity vis-a-vis zero, by plastering the world with fantastic but well-scripted stories about both the large end and the small end – making them each a finite concept.

On the source end the storyline is:

… this is the biggest explosion since Big Bang…

Since the (bogus) Big Bang explosion is something everyone knows to be hardcore reality, the black hole explosion is thus brought under the umbrella of quantitatively tractable phenomena.

On the detection end the storyline is:

… our technology is so advanced that we can measure displacements as small as 1/10,000-th of the proton diameter …

Since proton diameter is a known physics parameter, the zero is elevated to a finite, tractable context.

The Ligonauts are easily the most organized and the cleverest deceivers in the history of man. They have transformed today’s highly refined art of propaganda into a science. They can pass off total absurdity as an act of great genius.

The other instrument philosophy point is the invisible entanglement of the two mirrors. The two LIGO end mirrors are, by design, mechanically independent (isolated). They vibrate freely of each other. But when a gravitational wave passes through, the mirror motions become entangled. This is the effect of the gravitational wave, according to theory. This entanglement is what the LIGO instrument has to demonstrate as happening – first and foremost.

Instead, the Ligonauts assume in retrospect that the independent mirror motions must have suddenly changed to entangled mirror motion in the case of a ‘discovery’ wiggle. Some machine Manitou or Maxwell’s demon must have been sitting in there to synchronize the mirrors on cue at discovery time. This is ridiculous nonsense.

There is zero experimental evidence that the independent mirror motions suddenly experience an invisible – almost telepathic – entanglement at discovery time. This also means that there is zero experimental evidence that LIGO ever saw a gravitational wave.

Conclusion: LIGO is not a proper scientific instrument.

But now for a little levity. Just this last week Kip Thorne addressed a big conference in India. Here he escalated the linguistic bombast about LIGO. The title of his talk:

Exploring the universe with Gravitational Waves & Ultra precise technology

Ultra precise indeed!

Remember COBE’s 50 ppm accuracy and BICEP2’s seven sigma confidence level?

COBE and BICEP2 were worthless jalopies. So is LIGO.

Together they cost the American taxpayers billions of dollars. The Indian taxpayers are next in line to be led to the the American-style fleecing house that is being set up there.

PHYSICS AND PHYSICISTS AT THE THRESHOLD OF 2017

January 2, 2017

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LIGO: Rainer’s other caper

December 31, 2016


Following the LIGO discovery especially, the American media (with the help of the follow-along world media) has expended enormous effort in promoting Rainer Weiss as an ubergenius-inspirer – a kind of Leonardo da Vinci, MacGyver and Anthony Robbins – all rolled into one.

Rainer scams at the highest level of sophistry – intellectual sophistry that is. But once you lay bare his stratagem, you find that underneath it all are just some age-old, tried-and-true maxims of everyday scammers.

If you were amazed by the LIGO “The fix is in” Scam, wait till you hear about his COBE “Bait-and-switch” Scam!

Rainer ran LIGO and COBE more or less in the same time-frame. Here is a snippet from the Wikipedia article on him:

He made pioneering measurements of the spectrum of the cosmic microwave background radiation, and then was co-founder and science advisor of the NASA COBE (microwave background) satellite…

Weiss also invented the interferometric gravitational wave detector, and co-founded the NSF LIGO (gravitational-wave detection) project.

Both of these efforts couple challenges in instrument science with physics important to the understanding of the Universe.

The LIGO “The fix is in” Scam

In a preceding post I described how one aspect of the multi-layer LIGO fraud can be described as a “The fix is in” scam.

LIGO detects gravitational wave the same way a magician with an ace of clubs up his sleeve catches an ace of clubs out of thin air.

The COBE “Bait-and-switch” Scam

One aspect of the multi-layer COBE Satellite fraud can be described as the “Bait-and-switch” scam.

The COBE Satellite radiation-collecting device was a precision designed conical-shaped horn that tapered from a circular aperture at the front to a smaller circular aperture at the back. The exact shape of the taper was designed from considerations of ray optics and electromagnetic theory. The radiation entered the instrument through the front aperture and emerged from the back aperture in a concentrated form, and was then incident on the interferometer face.

This horn and its design principles were described in great detail in many publications – some before the launch of the satellite and some after the great discovery of the Big Bang relic black body spectrum. This horn is the one the world knows about, to this day.

Now here is the exposed secret that the world does not know because the physics establishment-media axis does not tell them. This horn that was described in the literature was not the horn that actually flew on the satellite. The latter horn was scientifically completely different – physics-wise, electromagnetic theory-wise and optics-wise. There is no record of any kind in the scientific literature of how this “discovery” horn was designed, and as far as we can tell, it was totally untested and uncharacterized when it shot off for the wide blue yonder. The only record of this horn is a photograph in the dusty COBE Satellite archives.

That photograph suggests that the back end of the horn (the bottom end in the photo) has tapered to a rectangular cross-section. The photo contains some glare that is placed intentionally or unintentionally just right to create confusion as to whether this cross-section is rectangular or circular. Here is the full resolution photo from NASA.

John Mather the COBE optics designer baited and switched, and the watchdog Rainer Weiss participated and approved. They deceived the world in a royal way. Scientifically speaking, this discovery horn was a piece of crap and the satellite experiment was an unqualified disaster.

Why did they do this bait-and-switch with COBE? It’s anybody’s guess.

LIGO was a decades-long, thousand-man, billion dollar NSF fraud.

COBE was a decades-long, thousand-man, half-a-billion dollar NASA fraud.

Remember it this way:

COBE Fraud:NASA::LIGO Fraud:NSF

Q: What do you call a physicist who believes LIGO made a discovery?
A: A believer.
Q: What do you call a physicist who believes LIGO did not make a discovery?
A: A physicist.

LIGO SONG for the Jungle Drums

December 29, 2016

Folks, towards the year’s end the pace of awards and accolades to LIGO has reached a crescendo! Never has the world seen such high level and such intense promotional campaign mobilized behind such garbage science.

There is underway a systematic effort by the establishment-media axis to get the world to accept fraud science as science that is established beyond question. Even PBS and NOVA have become party to this.

Breakthrough of the Year, Breakout of the Year, … They are doing everything possible with the word ‘break’ except telling you that what they are really doing is breaking wind in public.

That’s the post-truth nature of physics for you. It is unfolding in parallel with the post-truth nature of world affairs.

But I noticed a significant silence from one quarter: The Jungle Drums. The Jungle Drums they know only one thing – the Plain Jane truth. So on my urging my primate buddies from the bushveld have issued this little number.

Post-truth or Plain Jane truth – your choice!


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A VERY BRIEF HISTORY OF LIGO

December 20, 2016

11 February 2016

EUREKA! EUREKA!

Kavli Prize
Shaw Prize
Gruber Prize
Breakthrough Prize
TIME Most Influential Man

17 December 2016

MISTAKE! MISTAKE!

LIGO: Mistakes admitted, design change needed

December 18, 2016

Suddenly now, a new tune emerges! Remember that so far the world has been told that the LIGO discovery is 100.00% solid, that there is not an iota of doubt. We have heard of improvements being made to an already perfect LIGO instrument for even greater perfection.

But now a prominent US Ligonaut is speaking of mistakes with the US LIGO that will be corrected while building the Indian LIGO.

Also, so far we have been told that LIGO India will be an exact replica of the US LIGO. Suddenly we hear talk of “a different technology”! They are going to design a new LIGO India.

Given the supremely holy attitude of the Ligonauts, this is nothing less than a total about-face. There is a great deal that should be read into this:

“The need for an Indian LIGO is well justified. Each observatory is different and uses a different technology. We will put the mistakes of US detectors to rest while designing LIGO India. The country’s unique location will help detect gravitational sources more accurately,” said Rana Adhikari, a professor at California Institute of Technology, who is involved in the development of LIGO India.

Here, for comparison, is what the LIGO India plan was as recently as September:

The team currently operating the US detectors will provide the Indian researchers with the hardware for a complete LIGO interferometer that detects the wave signals; technical data on its design, installation and commissioning; and the training required to build and run the observatory. The Indian team will provide the site; all other infrastructure required to house and operate the interferometer; and the labor, materials, and supplies for installing, commissioning, and operating the detector. The plan is to have it operational by 2024.

So given this abrupt admission of mistakes by a senior LIGO scientist, what about the LIGO discovery?

Them Nobel folks have escaped narrowly by not awarding the prize this year. May be they have Professor Wolfgang Engelhardt to thank.

Now I would like to say something to the Indian physics community at large. This new song is yet another deception. There is nothing to fix in LIGO. It is a flawed instrument concept at the very basic level. The instrument philosophy conceived by Rainer Weiss is all wrong. And Rana Adhikari is a student of Rainer Weiss. Baap ka beta, Sipahi ka ghoda; Kuch aur nahi to thoda thoda.

I have explained the central fraud (fraud – not mistake!) with LIGO instrument many times in many ways. Let me try to pinpoint this again.

LIGO has two end mirrors whose axes are perpendicular to each other. The mirrors are not mechanically coupled in any way. Each vibrates independently depending on how it is actuated. That is a necessary principle of the instrument. If you tap one mirror in the back, it will oscillate but the other mirror will do nothing. Similarly, if a geomagnetic or seismic disturbance actuates LIGO, each mirror will vibrate depending on how it is actuated.

LIGO end mirrors

LIGO end mirrors

Now, the theory of gravitational wave says that if such a wave came down vertically (say) and hit LIGO, the two mirrors would be in an entangled mode of vibration. As one mirror moves in towards the corner of the L, the other mirror moves out. The “displacement” curves would be 180 degrees out of phase but otherwise synchronous, and equal in amplitude. This entangled mode of mirror vibration is the desired proof that a gravitational wave has passed through. This is what is to be observed. After this observation has been analyzed to establish the passage of a gravitational wave, the interference waveform between the two mirrors can be used to make inferences about the source of the gravitational wave.

WHAT LIGO SHOULD SEEK TO OBSERVE

BASIC OBSERVATION A: The displacement traces for the two mirrors, showing they are synchronous and 180 degrees out of phase, and have equal amplitudes. (This is the detection of gravitational wave.)

DEPENDENT OBSERVATION B: The interference wave between the two mirrors. (This, in conjunction with a source model, can be used to make inferences about the source of the wave.)

WHAT LIGO ACTUALLY DOES

(1). LIGO dispenses with the Observing Step A, and simply preaches instead that the two mirrors are in entangled vibration. You are told to accept this as Received Truth.

(2). With this preaching, LIGO proceeds directly to the Observing Step B, and reports both the discovery of gravitational wave and its source mechanism.

Step 1 above is the fraud. It amounts to “fixing” the instrument in advance to guarantee the finding of gravitational waves. All they have to do is wait to observe the “right” kind of wiggle to show up that they can fit their source model to – a model that has great flexibility.

The fix is in! It’s in there!

Get out of the LIGO mess while you can! Don’t get pulled in deeper and deeper. If you want to do gravitational wave, do gravitational wave by all means. Start from scratch, conceive your own instrument, and for god’s sake, bring in the right people.

LIGO UPDATE: Fat lady hasn’t sung yet

December 13, 2016

The latest on LIGO is that they are off to a new discovery binge. The top-flight LIGO engineers have toiled for nearly a year and achieved a whopping 25% increase in sensitivity. Imagine that! Instead of measuring mirror movements as small as 1/10,000-th of the proton diameter, they can now measure 1/12,500-th of the proton diameter.

In connection with this new beginning, the solidity of the original discovery has been extensively stressed. The Director of NSF, speaking for the US Government, made it a point to reaffirm the original discovery in specific language:

The last time scientists from the NSF-funded Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) searched for gravitational waves, they succeeded.

The Special Breakthrough Prize has been awarded to LIGO, and this time they managed to make as trusted a forum as the PBS Newshour.

In fact, awards and accolades continue to flow in to LIGO even as I write.

But not to despair! Nothing is happening with LIGO that did not happen with BICEP2. At this stage BICEP2 was flying high, and their funding agency Kavli Foundation was making similar upbeat statements as NSF. Where is BICEP2 today? That is where LIGO is headed.

The higher they fly, the louder the thud with which they will land. It will not be a pretty sight.

Here are some things to watch:

INDIA LIGO

India LIGO is now a fact on the ground. There is nothing “proposed” or “planned” about it anymore. They have received an initial tract of land and put down stakes (marking the LIGO position). Committees and panels are in place to run LIGO and receive the transfer of the funds (Rupees 50 crores) from the government. Now a project development plan will be submitted to the government for final approval and release of funds.

Until the funds are released, India still has time to cut her losses and pull out of LIGO.

If India feels beholden to honor various personal contacts/rapport with Americans at various levels (from scientists to technocrats to heads of state), then that is a wrong compulsion for continuing with LIGO. Those contacts are ephemeral. Only the science is the constant. And that science is wrong.

On the other hand, if the Indian physics community at large and their government decide together not to continue with LIGO, that is when that nation will establish herself as “world-class” in science. They will demonstrate to the world that they can analyze the very best science the western civilization can produce, and find it lacking.

NOBEL PRIZE FOR PHYSICS 2017

This time the LIGO Nobel nominations will be technically legit (submitted within the nomination deadline). There will undoubtedly be strong nomination letters – many of them. It is the LIGO proponents themselves who have made the Nobel Prize a touchstone for the LIGO discovery. So if the prize also does not come through in 2017, what is the world to conclude?

EXODUS 2017

A Ligonaut is nothing if not clever. So he understands that the good ship Ligosy is doomed. He also understands that the senior Ligonauts have nothing to lose when the ship goes under. The media-bloated and prize-fattened leaders all have escape capsules. So it is the younger Ligonauts that will be left holding the bag.

So these younger Ligonauts have started or will start abandoning ship. The cleverer ones will try to leave first, before the stampede for the lifeboats starts. What employers will absorb hundreds of LIGO refugees who have no sellable hard skills and no record of independent research, and are tarnished to boot?

So LIGO may die from attrition also.

All in all, the fat lady has not sung yet.

EDWARD WITTEN, Is it soup yet?

December 6, 2016

Ever since Edward Witten descended into the field of physics with tremendous fanfare, he has been continually anointed, adored, adulated and advertised. Awards and accolades have flown to him like moths to a flame. And the moneys have accumulated to millions.

All these were given in anticipation of something great coming from Witten in due course – something that would make physics whole once for all. Perhaps a latter-dayPrincipia – the Wittenopia. There may be a new kind of physics, Wittenics.

Edward Witten may be a rare person who has been groomed so intensively and extensively before he has made any contribution to physics (hucksters and touts will disagree).

Witten has been enjoying this grooming in a promisory spirit. It is as though every prize check came to him with an implied question: Is it soup yet?

Now at age 65 – after he has had more than 30 years to make good on the promise – Witten has an answer.

MacArthur Fellowship (1982)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: I am just getting started!

Dirac Medal (1985)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: I am stoking the fire.

Albert Einstein Medal (1985)

Q: Edward witten, Is it soup yet?
W: It’s going.

Fields Medal (1990)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: It’s starting to simmer.

Alan T. Waterman Award (1995)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Juan’s stirring it.

Dannie Heineman Prize (1998)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Len’s setting up the table.

Nemmers Prize (2000)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Almost. I think I will call it M Soup C Soup.

National Medal of Science (2002)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Cumrun’s getting the croutons.

Harvey Prize (2005)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Michio and Yoichiro are adding a bit of Miso powder. Ashok wants to add a touch of curry powder!

Henri Poincaré Prize (2006)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Joe’s chopping the fresh herbs.

Crafoord Prize (2008)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
A: Brian’s folding in the cream.

Lorentz Medal (2010)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Nima’s gonna add a drizzle of honey. No soup for you, Woit!

Isaac Newton Medal (2010)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: John’s pre-warming the soup bowls. No soup for you, Smolin!

Fundamental Physics Prize (2012)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Nathan’s getting the ladle. No soup for you, Glashow!

Kyoto Prize (2014)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: One moment. My prof David’s gonna taste it as soon as he places his bet. Then Yuri’ll say grace.

Albert Einstein Award (2016)

Q: Edward Witten, Is it soup yet?
W: Ta-da! Just as I promised: The C Soup – the Circumstantial Soup! Rich, and with a delicate consistency. Enjoy!

EDWARD WITTEN FINALLY DELIVERS ON HIS 30-YEAR PROMISE TO REVOLUTIONIZE PHYSICS: The Circumstantial Soup

… there are many circumstantial reasons to believe that String Theory and its elaboration in M-theory are closer to the truth about nature than our presently established theories. String/M-theory is too rich and its consistency is too delicate for its existence to be purely an accident.

*****

(After years of elaborate gestation) the mountain gives birth to a mouse. – Bengali proverb